Where it Started?

December 1, 1988

Where it Started?

On December 1, 1988, as the country’s response to the recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO) Working Group on the Regional Information Network on Antimicrobial Resistance that a surveillance program be initiated among member states of the Western Pacific Region to contain and prevent resistance to antimicrobials, the Committee…

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ARSP’s Chairmanship

1993

ARSP’s Chairmanship

Setting up the Surveillance Framework

January 1, 1993 12:00 am

The program decided to implement sentinel hospital-based type of surveillance using tertiary level hospitals of the Department of Health as sentinel sites with at least one hospital per region. An in-depth data are gathered in a “community” of sentinel sites and the resulting analysis is used to inform programs and…

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Data Collection of Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Program

1994

All surveillance data are derived from results of aerobic bacterial culture from patients seen from all sentinel sites. Before the year 1994, Data submission was initially entered using standardized ARS data report forms, causing significant delay in the submission of surveillance data and also affecting the analysis of collated data….

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History of Data Files and the use of WHONET program

December 8, 1994

The data files of ARSP were started in 1988 by then Senior Science Research Specialist Ms. Susan Tan. She was at the helm from 1988 to 1994.   In 1988, the first year of implementation of the program, the data files that were available were data from September 1988 to…

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preliminary evaluation of the hospital as potential sentinel site of the program

1998

preliminary evaluation of the hospital as potential sentinel site of the program

Dr. Celia Carlos and Ms. Marietta Lagrada (L-R) with Dr. Lourdes Espina, then Director of Corazon Locsin Memorial Medical Center, during a visit in 1998 as part of preliminary evaluation of the hospital as potential sentinel site of the program.

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Creation and Institutionalization of the Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Reference Laboratory (ARSRL)

November 14, 2000

From 1988 to 2000, the ARSRL functioned with the ARSP chair and laboratory director or 1 or 2 laboratory staff “borrowed” or reassigned to ARSP from other departments of the RITM and 9 contractual staff paid for from external grants. In order to effectively carry-out its mandate, 10 new permanent…

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Establishment of the Data Management Unit (DMU)

2000

In order for a laboratory to work efficiently, a well-established data management unit is necessary. Laboratory computer systems are vital to accurate reporting of patient results and hence to patient care. A proper information flow scheme is available from data encoding and collection, and analysis of data will be in…

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Establishment of the physical facilities of the ARSRL

2001

From 1988 to 2001, the ARSP had no laboratory nor office facilities of its own and was utilizing available laboratory space at the microbiology department of RITM. In 2001, as part of a grant from the International Bank for Rural Development project on Women’s Health and Safe Motherhood project, the…

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